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Bolognese dog, candidly white, sweet but suspicious, is one of the 16 dogs of Italian origin recognized by ENCI. Together with the Maltese, he is also the only Italian to have been admitted to the much more French family of "Bichon". They are, to be clear, those small dogs with long hair.
Other members of the club are less known to us but more appreciated beyond the Alps: Coton de Tuléar, bichon frisé, Havanese, Little Lion Dog and the bolonka. They all have spectacular fur and a rather nice face: ours Bolognese dog is in good company. Artists also like its appearance very much, we find it in a work by Pieter Brueguel and also in paintings by Titian, Goya, Watteau, Dürer and Abraham Bosse.
Bolognese dog: origins
He traveled around the Mediterranean, on ships, as early as 500 BC. The Bolognese dog which is one of the oldest Italian breeds. Greek ships and phoenix, but, small and white, the Romans also liked a lot. Specifically to the Roman matrons whose passion is read in numerous writings by Cicero, Pliny the Elder and Strabo.
In Bologna, but also in the French-sounding city of Boulogne, the Bolognese dog it began to spread around 1200, not much among the people but rather in the courts, among the nobles, settling in their living rooms where it certainly did not look bad with its candor. Even in the following centuries this breed remained among the preferred by the nobility.
He frequented the Gonzaga family, sipped tea with the Marquise of Pompadour and Catherine of Russia and Cosimo III de 'Medici even gave 8 examples of Bolognese Dog to friends in Brussels. Arrived as far as the court of the Sun King, this long-haired dog in 1700 also conquered the cold heart of Russia where it is still well regarded. Escaped the risk of extinction during World War II Bolognese dog it has reached our days only thanks to the skill, patience and devotion of some Italian breeders who have recovered the breed.
Bolognese dog: appearance
The fur and the muzzle are what catches the eye of the Bolognese dog and that makes it unique, recognizable and irresistible. I really like its appearance, candid and slightly curly, very similar to the Bichon Frisé. To distinguish these two breeds, both of the bichon family, is the hair: ours Bolognese dog it has some “flame” tips, moreover its eyes are darker and more penetrating.
The size is small or medium, at the withers the males measure 27-30 cm, the females 25-28 cm, and its conformation is typically from "Cobby", namely brevilinea, typically with a compact trunk and rounded thorax. The paws of the Bolognese dog they are particularly delicate, it is better to pay attention to possible dislocations, while the strong point of this dog is hearing: very developed, excellent for guarding at home.
The hair must absolutely be white, even the smallest and most nuanced speck is prohibited by the breed standard. Furthermore, it must be dense, long, very dense, well raised, very rippled evenly throughout the body except on the muzzle where it is shorter. There's a undercoat, very soft, while the rest are harder to the touch and never show fringes. Even those like stains are banned.
Dwarf Bolognese dog
Slightly smaller than the Bolognese dog, the dwarf shows no other particular characteristics. A dwarf adult male must not exceed 3 kg and 25 centimeters, the difference is not so huge as the standard version of this breed is already small. Hair and character are similar, in scale, and the Bolognese dog it is confirmed as a very suitable animal for the apartment.
Bolognese dog: character
As a breed this is docile, very intelligent, affectionate, suitable for families and apartments. However, it is not a sofa dog or an ornament, the Bolognese dog, let's not get confused. He is small and has good behavior but is cheerful and lively. It makes a lot of company for the elderly who choose it for its smaller, more manageable size, but it is playful and with children he gets along very well.
If you decide to share the house with the Bolognese dog it is better to educate him well and immediately, to walk on a leash and to respect family times and spaces. He is an animal receptive and eager to please, He is keen to be a brilliant pupil, but he is also crafty and observes the weak points of his master to then make some small tricks.
Characteristically his faults are that he is sometimes spoiled or neurotic, if not well educated. As for habits and conduct, it can be picky about food. Instead, he is right to suffer from the cold: I understand this and recommend not to leave him to sleep outdoors.
Bolognese dog: price
Nano or non-dwarf, little changes in size but also in price: a puppy of Cane Bolognese can cost from 700 euros to 1000 euros. Of course I am talking about pedigreed puppies, documents and vaccinated. In Italy it is not very widespread, lately the number of specimens has dropped, but outside the border the situation is worse and we do not lose hope of looking for it if this is the dog we really want.
For less than 10 euros, and easily purchased from here, there is the smartphone cover dedicated to the Bolognese Dog: I bet the Marquise of Pompadour wouldn't have missed it, don't you think?
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